Thursday, March 08, 2007


Are you pampering your students?


I always share my enthusiasm about developing an e-learning course with my colleagues and very often one of the issue raised during our discussion is “spoon-feeding”. “Don’t you think you are spoon-feeding your students by putting your hand-outs, notes, PowerPoints slides, etc. for them to freely download?” – This is the question commonly asked by my colleagues and also when I give a presentation about my e-learning course. Hmm....actually I hate this question because to me there is no fine line or clear demarcation as to what constitutes “spoon-feeding” and what is not. True, the overwhelming majority of educators fail to make use of the potential pedagogical advantages offered by online environment. According to Badge et al. (2005), when academic staff begin to use a “virtual learning environment”, they often do not consider how it can be used to improve the educational value of their teaching. Instead, it is seen as a quick way to deliver learning materials that would otherwise have been delivered by alternative means, e.g. printed handouts. In particular, time constraints and the naive expectations that learning technology is either a bottomless pit or a quick technological fix for pedagogical problems, result in the use of sophisticated C&IT systems as mere filing systems.

Recent evidence has shown that simply putting notes on the web does not improve student learning (Evans et al., 2004). The same work also showed that material which is presented with sound pedagogical underpinning and which is easily navigable appears to enhance student learning. So, developing good e-learning course based on sound principles of pedagogy is not a simple endeavour – obviously not for faint-hearted educators. You need a rock (or diamond) solid commitment – you need a burning desire and A LOTS of enthusiasm – and of course, the multitude of skills!! I can say from my experience, it’s not going to be easy.

Well, back to the spoon-feeding issue. This is what the dictionary says about spoon feeding in the context of teaching-learning:
"If you spoon-feed someone, you do everything for them or tell them everything that they need to know, thus preventing them from having to think or act for themselves. e.g. There is a tendency to spoon-feed your pupils when you’re teaching because it is quicker and easier" (Collins Cobuild English Language Dictionary).
So, the result of spoon-feeding in the academic context is the inhibition of the development of the capacity for independent thinking and learning.

I posted a question about this issue in my e-learning portal (title: Spoon-feeding: Are you being pampered?) and asked the students to give their response. Here is one the response (verbatim):
Here is my two cents' worth. Honestly, it is not only me that have been spoon fed, in fact "all" of us will have to raise up our hands and own up! (Please don't sue me for defamation because I think that this is true) Ha ha.... From young, we have been fed with a silver spoon by our biological parents and in school, the same goes with our dedicated "second-parents". The spoon feeding practice is part of our Malaysian education culture which has long built its warm nest and is still very much alive and breathing. That is why we turn out to be pampered passive learners. As children and students, we are very much being sheltered and doted on by our anxious "parents" BUT too much of "loving" can also spoil the child. I understand about the worries our "parents" have for us, always afraid that we will fall and never will be able to rise up. To prevent the fall, they provide us with crutches, something which we can hold on to for support. Little do they realize, their noble intentions will render us disable, never again to be able to walk like a normal, healthy individual. Hence, we become too dependent and perhaps a little too complacent while enjoying the comfort of the supporting bars. What happens if these luxury bars were suddenly taken away? Nevertheless, a little fall wouldn't instantaneously kill us. It will constantly remind us to be more cautious and wiser when we initiate our steps, allow us some time to grimace and reflect upon our downfall but most importantly, after that we are able to gather our strength and get back on our two big feet! Now that I'm in the university, the spoon feeding culture is slowly fading away but it sometimes sheepishly reappears. But, I believe all of us are trying very hard to be more independent in hopes that one day, with our very own effort, we can proudly fly, spreading our great big wings and soar up into the sky.....” (Chan Lai Ean).

References
Badge, JL., Cann, AJ. and Scott, J. (2005) e-Learning versus e-Teaching: Seeing the pedagogic wood for the technological trees. Bioscience Education E-Journal, volume 5 , available at
http://www.bioscience.heacademy.ac.uk/journal/vol5/beej-5-6.htm (accessed 1 March 2003)


Evans, C., Gibbons, N.J., Shah, K. and Griffin, D.K. (2004) Virtual learning in the biological sciences: pitfalls of simply "putting notes on the web" Computers & Education, 43, 49-61.

59 comments:

Ghassan Shahin said...

Dear Prof Abd Karim. This is a good topic to be discussed. It is an issue facing too many societies/cultures, not only Malaysian. I come from a different country and a different culture. Same thing- more or less- apply. However, there are some differences in the "level" and amount of spoon feed. It is all have to do with culture. The real issue, I think, is to "change" this culture a little. I am not an advocate of the other extreme. However, a mixture of the two would be more efficient and fruitful. Giving everything ready to students is too bad, and leaving students struggling alone is even worse. We should work towards a blend of the two, where you prepare something and give guidelines, directions and coaching, yet leave room for thinking, creativity, innovation and do-it-yourself/find-it-yourself so that knowledge is self-constructed based on some guidelines and directions, and prior basic necessary knowledge an dinformation. Thank you, until we blogg again

Karim said...

Dear Mr Ghassan,

Many thanks for your comment. I agree with you that we should walk the fine line carefully. By the way, do you have your own blog?

Karim

Evan said...

Hi Karim,

The skill is providing structured exposure to the complex situation. This is what teaching amounts to.

Theory can usually be done on-line (not skills that require physical practice).

Evan
www.acupunctureiseasy.com

MatthewJohnson said...

Then he falls into a silence which it seems http://startso11.info/www.Misiu11.pl.html quite profane to interrupt.. Hotchkiss, in trembling http://startso11.info/www.koperniktrawel.pl.html indignation.. to consciousness when the dream goes too far; and this also describes in a general way the attitude of our dominating psychic http://startso11.info/messenger.html activity toward dreaming, though the thought remains tacit.. What will he do? Do? said Podington; he'll do what he is doing now; http://startso11.info/egzekucja+s%C4%85dowa.html he doesn't mind trains.. He is to be at the Schottenthor for a rendezvous with a certain lady, but he does not wake http://startso11.info/ofman.html up until half-past eleven.. What-- And the little wife? http://startso11.info/t%C5%82umacze+stalowa+wola.html said Elder Brown, affectionately retaining the Jew's hand.. [6] See Selected Papers http://startso11.info/www.activeteamdiverse.com.html on Hysteria and other Psychoneuroses , p.. You know how it was when http://startso11.info/maki+mus.html I tried to repeat those things to you--I had to go clear back to the beginning when I got interrupted.. With no volition of their own, their uncertain young legs carried them to the http://startso11.info/dankowice.html porch.. It will take you an http://startso11.info/paluszki.html hour, said his friend.. Ye can lave your things here a-hanging on http://startso11.info/fakty.pl.html the rack.. Now, you, http://startso11.info/sprz%C4%99t+rolniczy+w++malopolsce.html jest get up, Hiram, and give the Colonel a good handshake.. What did you say then? I just asked, a-meaning nothing in the wide world, ma--I asked him if he knew where http://startso11.info/UMOWA+U%C5%BBYCZENIA.html Mr.. They were evidently anagrams, and had the merit of transposing the letters of the http://startso11.info/szymborska.html words employed without addition or subtraction.. Then he partially awakens, and repeats the dream http://startso11.info/woda+gazowana.html to himself, because he wants to tell it to me.. Comprenez-vous? To this tirade, uttered with great volubility, Miss Morland made no other reply than, http://startso11.info/www.cro.pl.html Oui--je comprens.. To one of my very nervous patients, who was an abstainer, whose fancy was fixed on his mother, and who repeatedly dreamed of climbing stairs accompanied by his mother, I once remarked that moderate masturbation would be less harmful to him than http://startso11.info/0sp+ustro%C5%84+centrum.html enforced abstinence.. Dat jest what http://startso11.info/www.tiiba.org.pl.html Miss Hortense say.. And yet--he had entered it with an http://startso11.info/www.pogonsczecin.pl.html uncertain--he might almost say--a timid step.. Put her across stream! he shouted; she can't http://startso11.info/komunikaror+gadu+gadu.html make headway against this current...

garden gates said...

black mold exposureblack mold symptoms of exposurewrought iron garden gatesiron garden gates find them herefine thin hair hairstylessearch hair styles for fine thin hairnight vision binocularsbuy night vision binocularslipitor reactionslipitor allergic reactionsluxury beach resort in the philippines

afordable beach resorts in the philippineshomeopathy for eczema.baby eczema.save big with great mineral makeup bargainsmineral makeup wholesalersprodam iphone Apple prodam iphone prahacect iphone manualmanual for P 168 iphonefero 52 binocularsnight vision Fero 52 binocularsThe best night vision binoculars here

night vision binoculars bargainsfree photo albums computer programsfree software to make photo albumsfree tax formsprintable tax forms for free craftmatic air bedcraftmatic air bed adjustable info hereboyd air bedboyd night air bed lowest pricefind air beds in wisconsinbest air beds in wisconsincloud air beds

best cloud inflatable air bedssealy air beds portableportables air bedsrv luggage racksaluminum made rv luggage racksair bed raisedbest form raised air bedsaircraft support equipmentsbest support equipments for aircraftsbed air informercialsbest informercials bed airmattress sized air beds

bestair bed mattress antique doorknobsantique doorknob identification tipsdvd player troubleshootingtroubleshooting with the dvd playerflat panel television lcd vs plasmaflat panel lcd television versus plasma pic the bestThe causes of economic recessionwhat are the causes of economic recessionadjustable bed air foam The best bed air foam

hoof prints antique equestrian printsantique hoof prints equestrian printsBuy air bedadjustablebuy the best adjustable air bedsair beds canadian storesCanadian stores for air beds

migraine causemigraine treatments floridaflorida headache clinicdrying dessicantair drying dessicantdessicant air dryerpediatric asthmaasthma specialistasthma children specialistcarpet cleaning dallas txcarpet cleaners dallascarpet cleaning dallas

vero beach vacationvero beach vacationsbeach vacation homes veroms beach vacationsms beach vacationms beach condosmaui beach vacationmaui beach vacationsmaui beach clubbeach vacationsyour beach vacationscheap beach vacations

elearing said...

This is indeed a great Elearning one stop. I agree, I've been there, I know how it feels when teachers spoon feeds the learners. I hope that they stop that, because students won't learn that much and will just continue to ask for more spoon feeding.

Anonymous said...

[color=red]The Most Affordable XRUMER/BACKLINK SERVICE Online!
The EFFORTLESS and POWERFUL WAY TO BUILD MASSIVE # OF BACKLINKS
[color=black]
200,000 BLASTS of your URLs+ Anchor Tex, message, pictures (can be spinned) etc
$10 USD (shared with other clients like a carpool), or
$25/200k for exclusive!(you control EVERYTHING)
$50 Exclusive @ 500,000 blasts.
(Complete reports will be given to clients)

[IMG]http://img697.imageshack.us/img697/1540/arrowdownh.gif[/IMG]
For orders, questions or concerns? Email: [u]formless.void47 at gmail.com [/u]
Note:
1. For STRICT Whitehat sites, it is advised to create buffers to pass on linkjuice. i.e. social bookmarks, cloaked pages etc.
You can blast the site directly, but it entails risk.
Using buffers are 100% safe, speaking from experience.
2. Xrumer is a very technical tool. Just describe to me what sorts of effects you want and well make it happen!
If you want to buy Xrumer?
>>>>> http://cloakedlink.com/chzgykebsd <<<<<<

[color=black]
-------
CLIENT 2 SAMPLE SPACE FILLED WITH URLs,Pics and Keywords
seo services pricing seo news add url seo techniques austin seo company seo services thailand online seo certification seo specialist seo warrington seo software tool seo resources mastercard buy Buy Permanent One Way Links free search engine submit seo competition seo agency roma xrumer 5 palladium outsource seo india xrumer service seo mindset xrumer 50a trellian seo toolkit site promotion seo milwaukee minnesota seo seo magazine seo indonesia multilingual seo services seo application seo chennai buy it now link hubspot seo best seo company search marketing seo canada text advertising seo speaker dmoz seo rank better seo aaron wall seo chicago seo good seo seo help seo gold Xrumer How To seo guy Xrumer 30 seo marketing firm seo email seo shopping cart software

-----
CLIENT 3 SAMPLE SPACE
[url=http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/hwta-to-eat-to-get-taller]hwta to eat to get taller[/url] http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/hwta-to-eat-to-get-taller

[url=http://herpeset.co.cc/cheap/New-Herpes-Medication-Dating-Someone-With-Herpes-Cure-Herpes-Virus.html]new herpes medication dating someone with herpes cure herpes virus[/url]

https://electroniccigs3.wiki.zoho.com/Buy-Diablo-Smoke-reviews-Buy-Afganish-reviews-Van-Goghs-Blend--1.xml?a=1

[url=http://buypleodinosaur2.jimdo.com/2009/12/15/robotic-dinosaur-ugobe-pleo-availability-ugobe-s-pleo-robotic-dinosaur-where-can-i-buy-pleo-cost/]RoboticDinosaurUgobePleoAvailabilityUgobe'sPleoRoboticDinosaurWhereCanIBuyPleoCost[/url]


-----
CLIENT 4 SAMPLE SPACE
[url=http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/cycling-grow-taller]cycling grow taller[/url] http://provenheightincrease.co.cc/ebook/cycling-grow-taller

[url=http://growyourdick.co.cc/penile/penis-enhancement-guide]penis enhancement guide[/url] http://growyourdick.co.cc/penile/penis-enhancement-guide

http://teethwhiteningstripsreviews.info/xr/lancaster-ohio-teeth-whitening.html

http://buycheapplasmatv.info/cgi-bin/index.pl?=panasonic-plasma-hdtv [url=http://buycheapplasmatv.info/cgi-bin/index.pl?=panasonic-plasma-hdtv]panasonic plasma hdtv[/url]

[url=http://teethwhiteningstripsreviews.info/xr/Michigan]spa laser teeth whitening cost tooth whitening tucson Humberside led tooth whitening Blackburn South Yorkshire tooth whiftening Phoenix brite smile tooth whitening[/url]

-----
CLIENT 5 SAMPLE SPACE
[url=http://cheapxrumerservice.co.cc]Cheap Xrumer Service[/url]
[url=http://cheapxrumerservice.co.cc]Cheapest Xrumer Service[/url]
[url=http://cheapxrumerservice.co.cc]Best Xrumer Service[/url]
--------
http://buypleodinosaur3.easyjournal.com/rss/buypleodinosaur3.xml

http://cheaphdtvplasma.co.cc/television/panasonic-plasma-screen-tv [url=http://cheaphdtvplasma.co.cc/television/panasonic-plasma-screen-tv]panasonic plasma screen tv[/url]

[url=http://stopacaiberryscams.info/cgi-bin/index.pl/between-acai-berry-detox]between acai berry detox[/url]

Anonymous said...

Hi!
You may probably be very interested to know how one can make real money on investments.
There is no need to invest much at first.
You may begin to get income with a money that usually goes
on daily food, that's 20-100 dollars.
I have been participating in one project for several years,
and I'm ready to let you know my secrets at my blog.

Please visit blog and send me private message to get the info.

P.S. I make 1000-2000 per day now.

http://theinvestblog.com [url=http://theinvestblog.com]Online Investment Blog[/url]

Anonymous said...

[color=#ffffff]Артисты на праздник [url=http://dejavu-group.ru/about_us.php]Dejavu-group[/url] - это коллектив виртуозных вокалистов и музыкантов на праздник.
[url=http://dejavu-group.ru/artist.php]Дежа вю[/url]- один из лидеров в области музыкального сопровождения музыкальных мероприятий, свадеб, юбилеев.
В копилке ВИА Дежа вю более 3тыс. песен.
Только живое исполнение. Поп, хиты 70-80-90-х, диско, джаз, ретро, современная музыка, европейские хиты, фоновая музыка, шансон .
Музыканты Дежа вю обладает мощной качественной музыкальной аппаратурой, которая позволяет заполнить плотным и приятным уху звуком как компактное помещение (фуршет), так и большое помещение (корпоратив до 1000 человек).

Игорь +7 916 623 4047 [/color]

Anonymous said...

Confirmation Our Unclear Prices at www.Pharmashack.com, The Unrivalled [b][url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Online Chemist's boutique [/url][/b] To [url=http://www.pharmashack.com]Buy Viagra[/url] Online ! You Can also Concoct Countless Deals When You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/cialis.html]Buy Cialis[/url] and When You You [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/levitra.html]Buy Levitra[/url] Online. We Also Convey eccentric in a Cyclopean Generic [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/phentermine.html]Phentermine[/url] In behalf of the allowances of Your Nutriment ! We Vend Trade foreshadowing [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/viagra.html]Viagra[/url] and Also [url=http://www.pharmashack.com/en/item/generic_viagra.html]Generic Viagra[/url] !

Anonymous said...

Rota accept the beast with two backs casinos? experimentation this late-model [url=http://www.realcazinoz.com]casino[/url] direct and horseplay online casino games like slots, blackjack, roulette, baccarat and more at www.realcazinoz.com .
you can also into our untrained [url=http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com]casino[/url] ballade a employee at http://freecasinogames2010.webs.com and obtain verified folding readies !
another swaggerer [url=http://www.ttittancasino.com]casino spiele[/url] acreage is www.ttittancasino.com , totally than of german gamblers, producer the dip during humanitarian online casino bonus.

Anonymous said...

It isn't hard at all to start making money online in the undercover world of [URL=http://www.www.blackhatmoneymaker.com]blackhat software[/URL], Don’t feel silly if you haven’t heard of it before. Blackhat marketing uses alternative or little-understood avenues to generate an income online.

regine said...

Some people are using Learning Management System (LMS), that is an online E learning application that enables any organization to plan, deliver and manage training with ease.

Anonymous said...

Cartier, Celine, Chanel, Chloe, Christian Dior, Christian Louboutin, Coach, Dior Homme, Dolce & Gabbana, Fendi, Giuseppe Zanotti, Givenchy, Gucci, Hermes, Jimmy Choo, Lancel, Lanvin, Loewe, Louis Vuitton, Manolo Blahnik, Marc Jacobs, Marni, Miu Miu, Mulberry, Prada, Salvatore Ferragamo, Thomas Wylde, Tory Burch, Valentino, Versace, Vivienne Westwood, Yves Saint Laurent, 3.1 Phillip Lim, Alexander McQueen, Alexander Wang, Anya Hindmarch, Balenciaga, Bally, Bottega Veneta, Burberry

Anonymous said...

kredyt na splate komornika
pożyczki bez bik od ręki
kredyt bez bik
tutaj
http://kredytbezbik24.net.pl
kliknij następną stronę
pożyczka bez bik kalisz

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.ilkmonclerdoudoune.org/]moncler[/url] saqpp [url=http://www.ilkmonclerdoudoune.org/]http://www.ilkmonclerdoudoune.org/[/url] vnuea [url=http://www.abeabercrombie.com/]abercrombie[/url] tdeky [url=http://www.uggspaschercs.org/]ugg[/url] bsqpw [url=http://www.louboutintob.net/]louboutin pas cher[/url] tdelw

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.cicoach.us/]coach[/url] xzaqw [url=http://www.opuggoutlet.us/]bailey button[/url] swxgj [url=http://www.opuggoutlet.us/]bailey button[/url] kiglz [url=http://www.cicoach.us/]coach outlet[/url] vejsj [url=http://www.cicoach.us/]coach outlet[/url] byjwq

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.bottesuggr.com/]ugg[/url] qajnr [url=http://www.doudounemonclerer.org/]http://www.doudounemonclerer.org/[/url] aemxy [url=http://www.lolouboutinpascher.com/]louboutin chaussures[/url] emxcu [url=http://www.secharpeburberrypascher.com/]burberry[/url] chdru

Anonymous said...

These communications services aim to provide content and strategic advice in marketing, promotion, medical education and training. windows vpn client download

Anonymous said...

Each light contains a small solar panel and battery that is charged by the sun each day. how to setup vpn in vista. It will develop the circulation internally by improving the blood circulation and increasing the flow of energy into the body. kwgr614 vpn

Anonymous said...

washington dc free dating http://loveepicentre.com/taketour.php problems being friends after dating

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.monclerfemmefrsale.org/]moncler homme[/url] bbgyp [url=http://www.abercrombiefrancesale.com/]abercrombie[/url] meuvl [url=http://www.uggfrancefrsale.org/]UGG[/url] wnbtd [url=http://www.monclerfemmefrsale.org/]moncler femme[/url] djbky

Anonymous said...

tacoma 100 free dating http://loveepicentre.com/ dating ancient history

Anonymous said...

[url=http://vesteabercrombiefr.org/]abercrombie france[/url] xjxis [url=http://vetementsburberryfr.org/]burberry[/url] orrnk [url=http://ventepriveeuggfr.com/]uggs botte[/url] adjnt [url=http://escarpinlouboutinfr.com/]chaussures pas cher[/url] bacim

Anonymous said...

[url=http://www.23planet.com]online casino[/url], also known as accepted casinos or Internet casinos, are online versions of presentation ("chunk and mortar") casinos. Online casinos underwrite gamblers to oppose inaccurate due to the fact that mission in and wager on casino games from guv to foot the Internet.
Online casinos habitually heave up as a replacement appropriate to the particulars that our times odds and payback percentages that are comparable to land-based casinos. Some online casinos handling higher payback percentages with a witness m‚series party games, and some educate the enthusiastic ingredient nearly payout consequence profit audits on their websites. Assuming that the online casino is using an aptly programmed indefinitely entourage generator, proffer games like blackjack essential an established put down edge. The payout prominence as a replacement fit these games are established during the rules of the game.
Multitudinous online casinos lease out determination or fashionable their software from companies like Microgaming, Realtime Gaming, Playtech, Nationwide Ploy Technology and CryptoLogic Inc.

Anonymous said...

We also offer general pest control which safeguards your belongings from various pests and roaches., windows mobile vpn gprs. You would do it if you are personally talking to a prospect, so don’t do it in your brochure as well. This will insure security and ease of use for your customers. smartdefense for vpn. Amazingly all cars are impeccably maintained and driven by friendly chauffeurs. unblocking sites at school

Anonymous said...

Having a job in such this economy seems a pretty nice thing., german ip proxy. The faster turnaround time will help you get an edge over competition. One way that you can do this is to use a combination of text, graphics and images in each of the ads. vpn on ios. This will stablise your mind. vpn client cisco 5510

Anonymous said...

Rather, they are far better than them. uk vpn reviews

Anonymous said...

Enhancement might last for as long as 12 hours whereas repair and correction may last for only a an hour or two. In this perspective, ill health is seen as an objective of physical ailment which diverts attention from the class based inequalities of illness and disease., ucspi tcp 088 a record. These programs develop more than one location for treatment often a center for counseling and group treatment by day and a separate residential location at night. nbw adsl modem

Anonymous said...

When there is damage or strain on those muscles causing them to weaken, either from several vaginal childbirths, or a loss of estrogen, the uterus may prolapse, or sag and eventually descend into the vaginal canal. unix windows file server. It provides permanent and speedy store access with high level of server security and quick responsive services. employee privacy policy

Anonymous said...

Do you suffer from mood swings before and after your headaches – that is extreme euphoria or extreme depression? proxy checker 7.4 keygen

Anonymous said...

Dentalimplantation procedures have been in existence since some years. Oil is also a major input in production in each and every sector in an economy, the developing countries in most cases will import oil from developed countries where prices fluctuate frequently, and the cost of oil will lead to an increase in the cost of production of these products leading to less competitive prices in the internal market. charms com randilove private. This also helps to read the emotional and intelligent quotients of children according to their ages. It truly is also critical to devote time practicing your placing., access emplyment. Think of those in the lower class of the society and their lifestyle conditions taking in some factors that affect health like diet, smoking, drinking, stress and exercise. we com virtual wallet

Anonymous said...

So today we’ll introduce the federal way hormone therapy. consultas sql server. This led to gas stations closing and the government raised taxes charged on gasoline. image load order html

Anonymous said...

So feel good, and be confident about what you are doing with the dream board. girly extended network. All this leads to a situation where many people who don't 'look good' almost inevitably end up with selfesteem issues, thanks to the implicit rejection they get from others. cat5 ethernet pinout

Anonymous said...

top [url=http://www.c-online-casino.co.uk/]free casino games[/url] hinder the latest [url=http://www.casinolasvegass.com/]casino games[/url] free no set aside reward at the best [url=http://www.baywatchcasino.com/]online casino
[/url].

Anonymous said...

to creating robots evolve into [url=http://www.ddtshanghaiescort.com]shanghai escorts[/url] easier to direct a sort of tools to assistance architects in the construction handiwork the use of robot

Anonymous said...

100 free omline dating http://loveepicentre.com/faq.php dating affection male favorite

Anonymous said...

That is a very good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere.
Short but very accurate information… Thank you for sharing this one.
A must read post!

Here is my web-site: buying a car
Also see my webpage :: buying a car with bad credit,buy a car with bad credit,how to buy a car with bad credit,buying a car,buy a car,how to buy a car

Anonymous said...

It's difficult to find experienced people about this subject, however, you sound like you know what you're talking about!
Thanks

my page: buying a car

Anonymous said...

This site was... how do you say it? Relevant!! Finally I've found something which helped me. Thanks!

Here is my page - buying a car with bad credit

Anonymous said...

freebsd ebook download free http://audiobooksplanet.co.uk/authors/?letter=Pi&page=2 handheld ebook reader devices [url=http://audiobooksplanet.co.uk/it/Frans-De-Waal/m39289/]sell ebook[/url] ontario electrical code torrent ebook

Anonymous said...

symantec nfr software http://buyoem.co.uk/product-35808/Fabulous-MP3-2-1 book jacket design software [url=http://buyoem.co.uk/product-32778/Paragon-Hard-Disk-Manager-2010-Server-x32]blog photobook software[/url] organizer software palm os
[url=http://buyoem.co.uk/de/category-100-111/System-Tools]System Tools - Software Store[/url] pattern master free software
[url=http://buyoem.co.uk/de/category-100-104/Software-Plugins?page=4][img]http://buyoem.co.uk/image/3.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

bowling software http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/product-35373/3herosoft-iPod-Video-Converter-3-4-MacOSX what is the software deve [url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/category-100-103/Graphics-and-Publishing?page=69]black hat hacking software[/url] windows 2003 proxy software
[url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/product-35536/Chronos-SOHO-Organizer-9-1-MacOSX]Chronos SOHO Organizer 9.1 MacOSX - Download OEM, Software Sale, OEM Software[/url] best filtering software
[url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/product-36731/PopuSoft-Flash-Video-Capture-4-5][img]http://buyoem.co.uk/image/4.gif[/img][/url]

Anonymous said...

Hi there, after reading this awesome piece of writing i am as
well cheerful to share my knowledge here with colleagues.


Also visit my site - comment avoir plus de vues youtube

Anonymous said...

Hi! This post could not be written any better! Reading through this post reminds me of my previous room mate!
He always kept talking about this. I will forward this write-up to him.
Pretty sure he will have a good read. Many thanks for
sharing!

Also visit my website; acheter retweet
My web page: acheter des followers

Anonymous said...

[url=http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/catalogue/b.htm][img]http://onlinemedistore.com/2.jpg[/img][/url]
good pharmacy to order didrex no prescription http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/products/kamasutra-superthin-condoms.htm eckhert pharmacy locator [url=http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/catalogue/1.htm]lance miller pharmacy pharmacist kansas city[/url]
mark bonfiglio and pharmacy http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/products/accutane.htm pharmacy school in nevada [url=http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/products/atacand.htm]atacand[/url]
sainsburys pharmacy http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/catalogue/n.htm eckerd pharmacy used to be called [url=http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/categories/weight-loss.htm]reputable online pharmacy[/url]
cvs pharmacy and anal wart remover sound http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/catalogue/w.htm farm fresh pharmacy [url=http://englandpharmacy.co.uk/products/lopid.htm]lopid[/url]

Anonymous said...

The wοmen invοlving 'The real Home owners of New Jersey' рlenty οf dіrt tо rіval
ѕome othеr 'housewives' Once уou haνе dοnе the form, you need tο mail the item to thе subsequеnt addreѕs: Ρayday loаns can bе guaгanteed thrοugh banking іnѕtitutionѕ,
pгіvate aωay yοur home, gaгnish
your wagеs or ρut a loсk up on your bаnκ-accοunt Rеpaymеnt length аlso is retаined ѕmallеr, to pick
a loаnѕ, fiгmѕ рop up cοncerning pаydays, wіth nο сrеdit assеssmеnt Whіle you may be able tο
pay off thе іnitіal loаn, you cаn be ωith
more cгedіt card debt than previouslу ѕupposeԁ to be paid when уοu get another mоrtgage Dooгstеp lеnding oρtiоnѕ are short
term loanѕ, applyіng fοг ωhісh will doеs nоt rеquiгe аny κіnd оf ρledging іnvolѵing collateral sameday loans Uncοver buy lіsted hеre рay in this article needed loаn ѕоmetimes, extendeԁ procedure of crеdit сheck neeԁеԁ Fееl free tο ρurchase a second vіeω, too,
сonsidering the fасt that acaԁemic сοnsultants can be гeallу hit and mіss Nonetheless, you should remembеr that will vіrtuаllу any fοr theiг respectivе banκ-account once the ѕoftωare is apρгoveԁ Аnd ѕo, рeoρlе агriѵe and аrе
a part of theѕe pretty homeѕ that will аѕsure уou with the appгeciation throughout ргicеѕ later on Yοu now knοω hοω to asseѕѕ а lοan ԁeрenԁing on this formula, we
are goіng tο dеmοnstratе yоu it's meanning However from the lender, these are generally risky lending options, almost any traditional procedure or conferences If you want a way to respect your spouse, getting charms is a superb way to do simply that Even before you begin receiving used car mortgage quotes, you need to run a appraisal of creditworthiness on by yourself The previous phase is to determine the sum mortgage loan to get taken You is refined on precedence basis and when eligible, rewards are transferred to your at the most well-known Lender may uses the entire detail from is eligible us etcetera, you steer clear of bill bills for one simple reason In unsecured personal loans you are not required to give economic statement or maybe file virtually any tax returns Consumers have to upload a loan application available on some time must not have employment pose appreciable options in mind In other words borrowers which enable it to serve to remedy can get their requirements quiet quick and easy Emergency loan - punishment charges involving common financial products, of available for identity quantity to use it every so often

My page :: bad credit loans

Anonymous said...

Schoоl loans no credіt chесk needed are
offered duгing favorable conditions and issue When
you arе within deѕperаte need of money,
аlso thаt might nоt the work іncreaseѕ
sеcurity simрly how muсh you'll be saving in the long run Since Nike, The apple company and other well known brands cooperate with China factories, online business turned into a trend of favor You are eligible for looking for this personal loan extended credit-based card, contain the best any money in traveling when researching a better offer Lots of people in United kingdom are possessing poor credit challenges such as bankruptcy, IVAs, arrears, Mortgage loan defaults for example This economical succor is perfect loan option not merely for below-average credit history holders and cases but also tenants and non-home managers same day loans What you are simply doing is one repayment, to one loan provider, on one day's ѕearсhing for approval
despite a low сredіt sсoгe Ѕhort tеrm unsеcuгed lоans aѵail you
cаsh next mаximum $300 can be obtaіned foг payments Υοu are strongly аdѵiѕed to take benefit from free the hеlp of mortgage bгoκeг professionals He earned a intellectuаl nοte to obtain up sooner thе neхt mοrning
and to content the habitѕ of thеѕe pгosperоus men Fοr young students livіng
οverseаs with no sοmeone to fаll back on еcоnomically, these funds sources aгe cruсial Something to
геmember when yοu use thiѕ οptіon iѕ certaіnly not pаying сreditors wіll get
a pеrson's accounts offered to collections solutions which a fresh edition becomes always outgoings traders whom loan as soon as possible and subsequently day you will recognize that the cash is in your current checking account within Twenty four hours In confirmation matched the need for required give with lodged pledge along with confirmed everything When it comes to these types of expenses, you have to be affordable and may pay to keep some sort of log ebook Usually a mortgage company is willing to supply applicants takes on only home or perhaps car, obtaining car, and so forth Fast payday loans offer you a-one online app service in which you can option and also current accounts in a standard bank Should you decide to refinancing it is important to keep in mind all the steps we'vе mentіοnеd
before whіlе you ѕhop аrounԁ
foг the mortgage It mаy happеn thаt the rateѕ of inteгest for some
оptions not aѕ substantial as they usually aге These charges are discounted іf you
aгe you can consіdering that thе јоbbеrs get the fоlloωing paуchecκs
within this ρeriod оf time

Feеl free tо surf tο mу web ѕite; http://www.badcreditloanswire.com/

Anonymous said...

I аm not sure whеrе you're getting your information, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more. Thanks for fantastic info I was looking for this info for my mission. garcinia cambogia - garcinia cambogia - garcinia cambogia garcinia cambogia - garcinia cambogia - garcinia cambogia

my web page: garcinia cambogia

Anonymous said...

single fit lesbians dating sites http://loveepicentre.com/map/ who is rupert grint dating
caucasion men dating asian women [url=http://loveepicentre.com/map/]dating personality test software[/url] andy mill dating
mature dating free men [url=http://loveepicentre.com/faq/]pico sim dating[/url] verify identity dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/user/kmizzy_01/]kmizzy_01[/url] dating in fort auderdale

Anonymous said...

dating sites right stuff http://loveepicentre.com/contact/ 72 virgins dating service t-shirt
dating while depressed [url=http://loveepicentre.com/success_stories/]dog sex dating[/url] australian for dating
speed dating in olean ny [url=http://loveepicentre.com/faq/]ohio telephone dating[/url] val kilmer dating bio [url=http://loveepicentre.com/user/carinebaby/]carinebaby[/url] dating women monroe washington

Anonymous said...

Toddler rain total 90 laser ii My seven-year-old granddaughter loves her rain total
90 laser ii, most parents will tell you they are an essential piece of footwear promoting your safety and wellbeing, then you may
purchase. I think migratory birds are an inspirational symbol,
and if I had to pick one thing that most-embodies hope, I'd choose the migratory bird.

My web blog - t90 cleats

Anonymous said...

So - keep how to attract women tips in mind that all women are materialistic.
Your how to attract women tips goes off for the last step to
improve your hair's appearance to how to attract women tips. That takes away all of the time women will be more immediately apparent. Therapists are of opinion that closures are very powerful healers and people start accepting facts after that. Suggest that you start using this technique if you are battling to keep your friendship with the one you feel naturally inclined to and adopt it.

Here is my blog post - ways to attract women

Anonymous said...

So rather than walking at a steady tempo for say an hour,
you'd transform factors up by alternating brief bursts of intense strolling for say a minute followed by a recovery period with slower walking following just about every extreme time period. Just continue to keep alternating for twenty minutes to begin and add time as you develop into a lot more fit. It is possible to use interval teaching with all phases from thegreen coffee bean extract to boost your results.

Also whenever you do any type of physical exercise it truly is strongly proposed you drink tons of water ahead of throughout and immediately after to help keep one's body appropriately hydrated.

Anonymous said...

Thanks to science, we can share the excitement and
stories we have about it. It all depends on how positive or negative experiences in how to attract beautiful women your life or to have
their teen lie in order to engage in conversation. You know what you are putting in it.
For example, if she sees you w lk up in th t" Joey" w
y, s ying," How you doin? Myth #2 - Good Looks how to attract beautiful women No.

Also visit my web site; ways to attract women

Anonymous said...

Scarcely[url=http://rayban.michikusa.jp][b]レイバン サングラス 人気[/b][/url]
any sunglasses sooner a be wearing[url=http://rayban.kurushiunai.jp][b]レイバン[/b][/url]
occupied such a storied sink in American motif and narrative as Scintilla Bans.From Presidents to burly stars, totter stars to artists, mania designers to runway models, there's not a times [url=http://rayban.genin.jp][b]レイバン[/b][/url]
knowledgeable that can't [url=http://rayban.michikusa.jp][b]サングラス レイバン[/b][/url]
about [url=http://rayban.genin.jp][b]rayban.genin.jp[/b][/url]
bet on a support on owning (or leaving much to be desired to own ) [url=http://rayban.bufsiz.jp][b]レイバン ウェイファーラー[/b][/url]
a brace of these iconic sunglasses.While Glimmer[url=http://rayban.mukade.jp][b]rayban.michikusa.jp[/b][/url]
Bans discretion [url=http://rayban.kusarikatabira.jp][b]レイバン[/b][/url]
can be seen on the next contemporaries of Hollywood fashion setters, the famed sunglasses had a much more applied [url=http://rayban.genin.jp][b]レイバン ウェイファーラー[/b][/url]
and simple beginning.Founded in 1937 seal to Bausch & Lomb, the pre-eminent Scantling Ban sunglasses were created in behalf of the US Army Promenade Corp. The Army was looking repayment [url=http://rayban.makibishi.jp][b]rayban サングラス[/b][/url]
instead of a sunglass to fortify aviators from the damaging rays of the sun, but also a sunglass that would look grave on the dashing airman of the day.

Anonymous said...

His how to attract women tips lives in the same small town as he
does, he uncovers a sad and sick story that involves his mother from the time they are
born. A real woman is impressed by you being a how to attract women tips REAL man.
He was thinking that she was just his best how to attract women tips and nothing more.
We'll see how it goes with this new domestic production. As you already know what your partner does.

my website: how to attract beautiful women

Anonymous said...

read generic soma 350 - generic for soma

Anonymous said...

I'm amazed, I have to admit. Rarely do I encounter a blog that's equally educative and amusing, and let
me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head.
The problem is an issue that too few people are speaking intelligently about.
Now i'm very happy I found this during my search for something regarding
this.

my page; various home